Supplements and Herbs

Natural Glyconutrients Recipe

How to make your own inexpensive glyconutrient powder & jam

Intro to glyconutrients at On Natural & Commercial Glyconutrients, Cancer, & the Need for Supplements

Introduction by Healing Cancer Naturally: Australian physician Dr. David Bird MbChB, Dip Clinical Nutrition, FACNEM, has gone to the effort of preparing a detailed information sheet on how to prepare a complete home-made glyconutrient powder or jam as a substitute or alternative to the expensive MLM glyconutrient products marketed as “Ambrotose®” etc. Many thanks to Dr. Bird whose contact information can be found here.

Glyconutrient Jam and Glyconutrient Powder Recipe:
An Inexpensive Way of Getting "Essential" sugars

formerly found on, edited by Healing Cancer Naturally

Disclaimer: These notes are not to be construed as personal medical advice. Consult your qualified health professional. No information on this web site is to be seen as a treatment for any specific illness. I do not endorse the use of this recipe as a substitute for proven therapy or for a doctor's care or for the treatment of any specific illness.

This information is simply presenting a recipe that I have personally used, am aiming to use, or am considering using. I am interested in it personally as a source of normal food nutrients for the maintenance of optimal health. This material is simply shared for what it’s worth in the hope of saving others time and/or money as they do research. This material is not copyrighted, but this disclaimer should be added if it is copied. It should not be sold or otherwise used to make a profit.

I am not in a position to answer questions about this page due to time constraints. Suggestions on improving this page are welcome however, and I am also interested in testimonials regarding perceived benefits or side effects that can possibly be added to the TESTIMONIALS LIST. Email dbird at

Please note that I not think that a "magic bullet" approach to health is a good idea. Any health food recipe should be seen as helping to promote optimum health IN THE CONTEXT of a healthy overall lifestyle. A "healthy overall lifestyle" would, in my opinion, include (but is not limited to):

  • Avoiding high fat, high sugar "junk food" diets.
  • Enjoying sufficient exercise.
  • Enjoying drinking plenty of pure water.
  • Getting adequate sunshine and fresh air.
  • Avoiding environmental poisons and other "personal" poisons such as nicotine and alcohol.
  • Getting priorities in a healthy order so as to avoid undue stress.
  • Trusting in God.
  • Getting adequate sleep and rest.
Introduction: What are Glyconutrients or Essential Sugars?

The eight "essential"* sugars are: mannose, glucose, galactose, xylose, N-acetylglucosamine, N-acetylgalactosamine, fucose (not to be confused with fructose), and N-acetylneuraminic acid. They are very important for health. I will not spend time dwelling on all the benefits as others have already done this in ample detail.

In addition to the essential sugars, most of the ingredients in this recipe provide other health promoting properties as well. The aim here is to provide a simple and inexpensive way of getting glyconutrients. So let us now look at these eight sugars and see where we can get them from.

1. Mannose.

Mannose may be the single most important of the eight sugars for us to get plenty of. One of the main sources is aloe vera, which contains acemannan. Acemannan is a mannose polysaccharide (i.e. a chain of mannose molecules).

From what I’ve studied, most commercial supplements of aloe only have very small amounts of acemannan in them so the best way is to grow the aloe vera oneself. It is a very handy herb to have in the garden or green house (e.g. good for minor burns and some skin ailments) and it is easy to cultivate.

Consult a gardening book, but apparently it needs a sunny spot that’s not too moist. I may want to enjoy using plenty of it, so ideally would like to invest in about ten plants. While I am waiting to buy and establish my own aloe plants I can use the glyconutrient powder which does have mannose in as well. This is from the kelp, the shiitake and the ground fenugreek.

I have actually recently decided to just take the glyconutrient powder (as detailed below) because I find it easier. Fenugreek contains plenty of galactomannan, a polysaccharide of mannose and galactose (other sources of galactomannan are carob gum and guar gum). Ground fenugreek should be readily available from a good health food store or supermarket, or I can buy the seeds and grind them myself. I prefer organic fenugreek.

Shiitake mushrooms have in them a compound called KS-2 which contains mannose bound to an amino acid. We will say more about shiitake (and kelp) later. Using fenugreek, kelp and shiitake should not be very expensive. Aloe vera plants may be expensive to start with, but a friend may have a "jungle" of the plants and be able to give some.

Note on aloe by Healing Cancer Naturally

For maximising health benefits, you may wish to plant aloe arborescens, not aloe vera, and only use leaves from plants five years or older. Compare this impressive native cancer therapy & prevention formula mainly consisting of aloe and honey.

2. Glucose.

Regarding the powder, glucose is found in kelp. But we don't really need to supplement glucose as it’s so abundant in our diets anyway. For the "jam" recipe the prime source is 100% pure grape juice, preferably dark organic (but I don’t worry if it’s not feasible). The grape juice will help, along with the next item, to make the aloe vera taste yummy instead of yuck. This juice is relatively cheap and if I have a juicer I can make my own.

3. Galactose.

Galactose is present in the fenugreek of the powder and also in a lot of foods that we normally eat. For the "jam" recipe the prime source is 100% pure apple juice, preferably organic. This juice will help, along with the previous item, to make the aloe vera taste yummy. Both apple and grape juice have health properties of their own.

Again this juice is relatively cheap and those with juicers can make their own. Some analyses don’t report galactose as being in apple juice. This is because the galactose is in the pectin fibre which is present in varying amounts in juice.

4. Xylose.

Xylose is present in the kelp used in the powder. Ground psyllium seeds are high in a xylose polysaccharide. They are cheap and easily obtained from a chemist or health food store. Psyllium is used in the "jam".

5 and 6. N-acetylglucosamine and N-acetyl-galactosamine.

Vegetable sources:
For those not wishing to consume medicinal animal products orally it is nice to know that Shiitake Mushroom contains N-acetylglucosamine (as a constituent of chitin). I can purchase fresh and/or dried Shiitake Mushrooms from many supermarkets and food stores. I buy dried whole shiitake mushrooms and powder them by using my liquidiser. Or I can buy a tablet with shiitake in. Shiitake Mushrooms do not contain N-acetyl-galactosamine.

I thought that mistletoe contained N-acetyl-galactosamine but it appears that it does not. Instead it seems to contain a lectin that is specific for the N-acetyl-galactosamine receptor site. Also there are some toxicity issues with mistletoe. N-acetyl-galactosamine is contained in dextran sulphate, which is present in a red algae called Dumontiaceae. But this product is only available from Japan as far as I know

(Update: but appears to also be available from

Animal Sources:
Bovine cartilage and shark cartilage both have an abundance of these two essential sugars. These are both relatively cheap and available from a chemist or health food stores in capsules or loose powder.

I prefer the bovine cartilage because it is predominantly the chondroitin 4-Sulfate form of chondroitin which is apparently slightly better (shark is predominantly chondroitin 6-Sulfate).

I am not especially concerned about prions and [BSE] from a bovine source because I can check where the cows come from and cartilage is not one of the tissues especially at risk for prion contamination.

Actually, from what I’ve read, chondroitin is a substance that can be used to help treat prion disease as it interferes with the prions doing their dirty work in the nervous tissue.

I am more concerned about the possibility of heavy metal contamination in shark cartilage, though I have not read any major problems regarding this. Those not wishing to consume animal products orally could use an arthritis cream containing chondroitin sulphate. The best cream I know of is Arthro-Aid Direct, which should be rubbed on the tummy at the time the glyconutrient powder is consumed.

7. Fucose.

Kelp seaweed is rich in fucoidan, a polysaccharide containing plenty of fucose. Fucoidin is a complicated molecule that also contains xylose, mannose, galactose, and glucose. If anyone has an overactive thyroid they should not take this or other sea weeds without medical advice and monitoring. An alternative is beer yeast, which, according to my research, also contains plenty of fucose. Kelp has many health benefits and can be bought cheaply as a powder. It does not taste good to me!
Compare Seaweed.

8. N-acetylneuraminic acid (otherwise known as sialic acid)

is found in whey protein isolate. Whey protein isolate also contains lots of other goodies. If allergic to dairy (though I am told some that are allergic to dairy can take the isolate) an alternative is egg, which may be best raw. I need to make sure it is an organic egg from a healthy chicken. I need to make sure I buy whey protein ISOLATE, not just whey protein or whey powder.

A 500g pot of whey protein isolate is a little costly but will last a long time and so is not a big expense long term. Note: I received some information early 2004 that suggested whey protein concentrate may have a higher amount of N-acetylneuraminic acid in it than the isolate.

How I can prepare and consume the ingredients:

TWO items will be discussed:

  1. A glyconutrient powder which provides all 8 essential sugars at a minimal cost. The powder is more convenient to take and use than the "jam" and I am not currently using the "jam" — just concentrating on the powder.
  2. The glyconutrient jam which, if made correctly, tastes yummy and which is designed to give large amounts of the key monosaccharide mannose.
1. Glyconutrient Powder

Here are the powders, the glyconutrients they contain and the ratio for consumption (the ratio is by volume, not weight and is offered as a guide only):

  • 1 part ground fenugreek: mannose, galactose (buy it already ground).
  • 1 part shiitake mushroom powder: N-acetylglucosamine, mannose.
  • 1 part kelp powder: fucose, xylose, mannose, galactose, and glucose.
  • 1 part whey protein isolate: N-acetylneuraminic acid. Alternative is beer or brewing yeast.
  • 1 part bovine or shark cartilage chondroitin sulphate powder (loose or in capsules): N-acetylglucosamine, N-acetylgalactosamine).
    Alternative is Dumontiaceae ( for the N-acetylgalactosamine.
  • 1/2 part of ground psyllium (or the husks alone would probably do) to boost the xylose content as there is not that much xylose in kelp.
  • I am currently mixing all powders together along with a little red cayenne pepper powder and a little turmeric powder too. I believe cayenne enhances my digestion and is an extra tonic (1/10-1/20th part). Turmeric has antioxidant properties.
    [Compare Health Benefits of Cayenne Pepper and Ginger and turmeric fight cancer.]

I am also adding 1 part of lecithin granules as I have been told that this very greatly enhances absorption of glyconutrients.

I currently am mixing about 1 heaped tsp of the mixture in about 50-ml of cold soymilk and drinking it down quickly at the beginning of breakfast, lunch and sometimes also the evening meal. I would use more if I was ill with some major complaint.

Alternatively, I could take it with yogurt etc. or put the powder into "OO" size vegetable capsules to consume. Ideally, I would take five size "OO" capsules twice a day before meals. An alternative, if I wished to avoid mixing powders, would be to take one "OO" capsule of each powder twice a day before meals.

Thirdly, I could take my powder mixed with an equal amount of honey.


Whey protein isolate can be taken "sublingually" in small amounts too. I am told that this is an even better way of taking it. But it can take awhile to "dissolve".

Kelp in particular does not taste good to me. However, I have found it OK to take as part of the powder in the water at meals. Also a teaspoon of kelp powder plus some cayenne did not taste too bad to me when I tried mixing it with a heaped teaspoon of honey.

Having said that kelp doesn’t taste good, my two-year-old daughter asked for some when she saw me experimenting with it at the table. Despite my warning she still wanted some and so I gave her a bit on the tip of a spoon.

To my surprise, she actually wanted more! Honey occasionally contains spores of Clostridium botulinum - the Detrimental Bacteria that can cause the type of food poisoning called Botulism. For this reason, honey should not be fed to children under 12 months old.

Kelp and Wakame seaweeds (Asian style), shiitake, fenugreek and whey isolate are all foods that can simply be eaten as part of a meal. There should be a good way of having all these items at a meal say twice a week using for example, wakame, fenugreek, shiitake, rice and vegetables with whey isolate mixed with dates and soy yoghurt for dessert. We need some good chief to come up with a tasty recipe for us to use! Have this meal with a chondroitin sulphate capsule and you've got all 8 sugars!

2. Glyconutrient Jam

Slowly simmer (don’t boil) 1 litre grape juice and 1.5 litres of apple juice so that half the water evaporates. Before turning off the heat stir in about 1/4 cup of ground psyllium. IMPORTANT: MAKE SURE NOT TO PUT IN TOO MUCH PSYLLIUM AS IT WILL TURN INTO A SOLID JELLY THAT IS NO GOOD FOR MIXING THINGS WITH. I err on the side of too little psyllium then add more if needed.

Keep stirring for a couple of minutes or so then turn off the heat and let it sit. It will turn into a kind of jelly that tastes like jam. The heat should help to break down the psyllium polysaccharide into the xylose molecules. Store in a jar in the fridge.

When I wish to take my glyconutrient jam I put 1/4-1/3 of a cup of the grape, apple and psyllium jelly into a container. I grab about 4-5cm of an average aloe vera leaf from my garden and using a pair of scissors or knife chop it into the jam.

Note: aloe contains a laxative so diarrhea is a sign that I am taking too much. If you get diarrhea (from the yellow aloin just under the skin) then try scraping out and eating just the gel. I stir the aloe bits in and then eat it with a spoon. The aloe and jam should taste nice, but if not happy I can try cutting the aloe vera into smaller pieces or liquidising it into the jam. This further improves taste but ends up taking more time, especially to clean up!

The aloe vera needs consuming soon after picking and chopping as I am told aloe vera’s mannose is quickly damaged or degraded after a leaf is picked.

The glyco-jam is easiest taken as a kind of entrée 10-30 minutes before meals or on its own as a supper in the evening. I aim, for maintenance, to take this mixture three times a week or daily. For nutritional support when ill I could be take it more frequently.


These testimonials are not to be construed as personal medical advice. Consult your qualified health professional. No information on this web page is to be seen as a treatment or possible treatment for any specific illness. I do not endorse the use of this recipe as a substitute for proven therapy or for a doctor's care or for the treatment of any specific illness.

Testimonials are recorded here for personal research purposes and interest only. They are not to be used or shared in any way as a substitute for proven therapy or for a doctor's care or for the treatment of any specific illness.

Testimonial Received October 23, 2003 from Bonnie.
Subject: "miracle with your recipe!"

"I have been taking your marvelous glyconutrients recipe since Sept 7 and after only six weeks, I have been able to cut back by one third all other medications I take for chronic fatigue which is huge progress for me! (I take Enderlein remedies) I have new, balanced energy and greatly increased muscle strength.

At last, my body is properly processing other remedies. I see light at the end of a fourteen year tunnel which included finding the right mercury and lead detox protocol and expensive treatments for nine fungal blood diseases and bowel infections. Improving health seems like a miracle. I had cancelled a trip to Australia, and now I am reconsidering."

"During first month of using your recipe, I used fresh aloe vera and jam ingredients. Now I just take the powders, and they seem to be working very well. I buy organic ingredients in bulk and they are quite inexpensive by the month---maybe $35.00 for use three times a day. Once a week I make up capsules while I watch TV in the evening."

"I can't thank you enough and I hope others have similar success!"
"Kindest regards,"

Out of interest I asked Bonnie some specifics. She wrote back, "I am just on powders now: mixing everything together and using "00" caps. No negative side effects. I take one capsule for each of the four ingredients.

Ingredients include now brand whey isolate and bernard jensen bovine cartilage powder. I was careful to order kelp from northern waters---iceland, trying to keep away from mercury. I take nature's way shitake mushroom capsules. I also take nature's way glucomannan capsules before dinner. They are a good source of mannose made from japanese konjac root and help with diet---make you feel full.

However, when i finish this bottle, i think i won't take more of the glucomannan." She also added, "I take one capsule each for bovine cartilage, whey protein isolate, fenugreek and kelp. I also take a commercial capsule of shitake mushroom (haven't found a reliable source for dried mushrooms yet)."

I have had five oral testimonials from chronic fatigue patients that I treat reporting benefit from the powder recipe.

I (David Bird) have been taking the powder myself since about Oct 2003 and have not had a cold at all since then and my morning muscle ache is negligible. I had tried many, many things before this without any improvement.

* I think there is still some debate about whether the term "essential" is correct. This is because they can be manufactured from the main sugar, glucose, in the human body, though the ability to do this may be limited during disease states. There may also be other sugar molecules equally as "essential". The medicinal value of these simple sugars is not, however, in question.

About the Author

Dr. David Bird Mb.ChB. Dip. Clin. Nutr. F.A.C.N.E.M. offers private consultations by appointment at his [Australia] clinic rooms for sufferers of burnout, chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia. His (currently- 2019 - unavailable) website discusses among other things the subjects CFS/ ME/ FMS Questions & answers, Basics of a Healthy Lifestyle, Causes - 5 possible categories, Chronic Fatigue, Burn-out and Stress, Muscle Pain/Cramps - Causes, Dr. Bird’s Biography and C.V. .”

Many thanks again, Dr. Bird, for providing the above information.

... and for the best, easiest, and least expensive ways I know to heal cancer

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